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The Etruscan civilizationI

The Tumuli I and II del Sodo and MAEC in Cortona, the Chiusi Archaeological Museum and its necropolis, the Florence Archaeological Museum exposing La Chimera di Arezzo, the Haranguer, Egyptian and Roman pieces, the Montagnola tomb near Sesto Fiorentino, the Arezzo Archaeological Museum and its Eufronios vase, Castiglionfiorentino and its reconstructed temple, are just some of the sites and museums housing Etruscan objects. Many Tuscan towns have Etruscan origins, like Siena, Arezzo, Pisa but also Pienza, Fiesole, Chiusi, Montepulciano and others were founded by this largely unknown population. We are not entirely sure as to where the Etruscans originally came from, but being of Semitic origins, they probably came from Asia Minor, or from Persia in the 10th century B.C. and were defeated by the Romans in the II century B.C. The ruins in the archaeological digs, the items in the collections indicate their civilization was very great, profiting from many contacts abroad: gold from Asia and Africa, amber from the North Sea, lapis from Afganistan, Greek wares. One can arrange a series of specially tailored tours of one day or more to visit the Etruscan sites, including Murlo and its palace built between the VII and the V century B.C., a truly unique experience and Chianciano where the digs prove the extensive knowledge of the Etruscans and the Romans as to the advantages to the health of thermal baths.

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